CFS has assembled a world-class team working to design and build fusion machines that will provide limitless, clean, fusion energy to combat climate change. SPARC would be the size of existing mid-sized fusion devices, but with a much stronger magnetic field. Founders of Renaissance Fusion Perpetuate ITER Deception. Two and a half years ago, MIT entered into a research agreement with startup company Commonwealth Fusion Systems to develop a next-generation fusion research experiment, called SPARC, as a precursor to a practical, emissions-free power plant. The first-ever net positive energy gain from fusion. Returning $115 million is another matter. Fusion Progress and Promises: The First Three Decades, #54. The Sparc reactor proposed by MIT isn’t dramatically different than other tokamak fusion devices from previous experiments. Seven studies describe progress thus far and challenges ahead for a revolutionary zero-emissions power source. The ARC fusion reactor is a theoretical design for a compact fusion reactor developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plasma Science and Fusion Center. Mes Échanges Avec le Directeur Scientifique du Projet ITER, #61. … SPARC’s goal? The seven papers explore the specific areas of the physics that had to be further refined, and that still require ongoing research to pin down the final elements of the machine design and the operating procedures and tests that will be involved as work progresses toward the power plant. European ITER Domestic Agency Removes False Fusion Claims, 46. Delbert writes that the researchers may be able to get the SPARC reactor online within 10 years by “improving materials and shrinking costs.”. On the same day as last year’s press release, the Boston Globe published an op-ed article by MIT Vice President for Research Maria Zuber. The SPARC design, though about twice the size as MIT’s now-retired Alcator C-Mod experiment and similar to several other research fusion machines currently in operation, would be far more powerful, achieving fusion performance comparable to that expected in the much larger ITER tokamak being built in France by an international consortium. For every watt of electrical power put into the JET system, it released 0.02 Watts of power from fusion. While it will not turn that heat into electricity, it will produce, in pulses of about 10 seconds, as much power as is used by a small city. How the Zero-Watt ITER Reactor Was Misleadingly Sold as a 500 Megawatt Reactor, 52. Once this work is successful, these magnets will be used to build SPARC, the first net-energy controlled fusion experiment. Martin Greenwald, deputy director of the MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center. Bio. So far, however, the energy put into achieving any form of fusion has been more than the energy that we’ve been able to get out of the system. MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Validating the physics behind the new MIT-designed fusion experiment. The calculations at this point show that SPARC could actually achieve a Q ratio of 10 or more, according to the new papers. You start with deuterium and tritium, both isotopes of hydrogen. This sets a solid basis for the device’s operation once constructed, according to Greenwald. MIT and the startup Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) are currently working to develop a next-generation fusion research experiment, called SPARC, as … Did MIT and Commonwealth Fusion Systems Mislead Fusion Investors? So far, there have been only minor changes to the overall design. False Fusion Claims by Ian Chapman, Head of U.K. Fusion, #57. “There’s always the question of a little more of this, a little less of that, and there’s lots of things that weigh into that, engineering issues, mechanical stresses, thermal stresses, and there’s also the physics — how do you affect the performance of the machine?”, The publication of this special issue of the journal, he says, “represents a summary, a snapshot of the physics basis as it stands today.” Though members of the team have discussed many aspects of it at physics meetings, “this is our first opportunity to tell our story, get it reviewed, get the stamp of approval, and put it out into the community.”. During that half-century, MIT had developed a reputation for being a leading plasma fusion research center and had trained many of the world’s plasma physicists. The SPARC design, though about the twice the size as MIT's now-retired Alcator C-Mod experiment and similar to several other research fusion reactors currently in operation, would be … This special issue’s seven peer-reviewed articles provide a comprehensive summary of the physics basis for SPARC: a compact, high-field, DT burning tokamak, currently under design by a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Commonwealth Fusion Systems.The SPARC project builds on a remarkable period of progress in the understanding of magnetically confined … Such fusion power plants might significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the power-generation sector, one of the major sources of these emissions globally. Superconductor technology for smaller, sooner fusion MIT-CFS team’s demonstration of new superconducting cable is a key step on the high-field path to compact fusion. SPARC is a tokamak that has been proposed for construction by Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), with funding from Eni, Breakthrough Energy Ventures, Khosla Ventures, Temasek, Equinor, Devonshire Investors, and others. Studying the behavior of this burning plasma — something never before seen on Earth in a controlled fashion — is seen as crucial information for developing the next step, a working prototype of a practical, power-generating power plant. That output would be more than twice the power used to heat the plasma, achieving the ultimate technical milestone: positive net energy from fusion. Letter to European Commission: False Claims By European ITER Agency, 45. Overall, “we’re still aiming for a start of construction in roughly June of ’21,” Greenwald says. The large multi-institutional team of researchers represented in the new set of papers aimed to bring the best consensus tools to the SPARC machine design to increase confidence it will achieve its mission. While it will not turn that heat into electricity, it will produce, in pulses of about 10 seconds, as much power as is used by a small city. The authors used cutting-edge simulations, run on powerful supercomputers, that have been developed to aid the design of ITER. Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) was founded in mid-2018 as a spin-off from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center. In the absence of public funding from U.S. taxpayers, MIT decided not to continue operating the reactor. MIT continues progress toward practical fusion energy, MIT and newly formed company launch novel approach to fusion power, More about MIT News at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, View all news coverage of MIT in the media, Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives license, Paper: “Status of the SPARC physics basis.”, Full story via United Press International (UPI), Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Professor and astrophysicist Sara Seager appointed officer to the Order of Canada, States of growth: When and where entrepreneurship has thrived, 3 Questions: Rona Oran and Benjamin Weiss on the ancient moon’s missing magnetism, Validating the physics behind the new MIT designed fusion experiment. Then, they hope to develop a 200-megwatt pilot power plant [ARC] that can export electricity to the grid. “The big mountain we have to get over is to understand this self-heated state of a plasma.”, "The analysis presented in these papers will provide the world-wide fusion community with an opportunity to better understand the physics basis of the SPARC device and gauge for itself the remaining challenges that need to be resolved," says George Tynan, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at the University of California at San Diego, who was not connected to this work. Although the total input electrical power required to operate the SPARC reactor is not evident in any of its public disclosures, the world’s leading engineering university certainly must have a rough idea how much electrical power SPARC is expected to draw before engineers turn the machine on. The papers also describe the use of calculations and simulation tools for the design of SPARC, which have been tested against many experiments around the world. Coblentz told New Energy Times that 150 MW of electricity would be required to power the radio frequency and neutral beam injection systems that produce the 50 MW of heating power injected into ITER.

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